A biography and life work of augustus gaius julius caesar octavianus a roman emperor

augustus spouse

This provided an opportunity for Octavian, who already was known to have armed forces. His father, also named Gaius Octaviushad been governor of Macedonia.

How did augustus die

Many people worried that this would be the end of the Roman Republic. His mother, Atia , was the niece of Julius Caesar. His birth name was Gaius Octavius Thurinus, but he was usually called Octavian until later in life. At this time Rome and the areas it controlled were governed by the Senate, composed largely of members of a small group of upper class citizens who had inherited their positions. How did Augustus die? Augustus died of natural causes on August 19, 14 CE, at age Over time Lepidus lost power, and it seemed impossible that Antony and Octavian could avoid clashing. He established a standing army for Rome where the soldiers were volunteers who served for a term of 20 years. Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies. Fulvia decided to take action. His grandfather had served in several local political offices. He also strengthened the army and conquered much of the land around the Mediterranean Sea. The Second Triumvirate At the same time, others were trying to fill the void of power left by Caesar's death. Military disaster, the loss of his grandsons and a troubled economy clouded his last years. Sextus fled to the east with his remaining forces, where he was captured and executed in Miletus by one of Antony's generals the following year.

Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. His grandfather had served in several local political offices. His powers were hidden behind constitutional forms, and he took the name Augustus meaning 'lofty' or 'serene'.

Prior to this the month was called Sextilis.

augustus facts

The Senate strongly opposed Caesar, and in 44 B. Octavian was away from Rome when Caesar was killed, but he immediately returned upon hearing the news. But a reconciliation with Sextus Pompeius proved abortive, and Octavian was soon plunged into serious warfare against him.

augustus achievements

Their centurions, who had become important figures politically, refused to fight due to their Caesarian cause, while the legions under their command followed suit.

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Biography for Kids: Augustus