An analysis of the medical practices during the medieval period
During the Crusades the influence of Islamic medicine became stronger.
This improved wealth and and living standards, but it also exposed people to pathogens from faraway lands. Monasteries in Medieval Europe gained access to Greek medical works by the middle of the 6th century.
Vaccination Edward Anthony Jenner was an English doctor and scientist, known as the pioneer of vaccinations. Even more remarkably, the exact identity of the user and the period of use are also known.
Renaissance medicine and surgery
He introduced the term "fomites," meaning tinder, for items, such as clothing, that could harbor pathogens from which another person could catch them. In this way, surgery was no longer regarded as a lower practice, but instead began to be respected and gain esteem and status. Nevertheless, successful cures were mixed up with, what seem to us, crazy cures. The fourteenth century saw a significant spread of dissection and autopsy in Italy, and was not only taken up by medical faculties, but by colleges for physicians and surgeons. During this time, Europe was run by local lords who ruled over small fiefdoms. Hildegard was born in and at the age of fourteen she entered the double monastery of Dissibodenberg. Some plants were not native to the local area and needed special care to be kept alive. Cowpox is similar to smallpox but milder. A combination of both spiritual and natural healing was used to treat the sick. This could be done in various ways including by inducing vomiting or bleeding a patient by applying leeches to the skin; neither of which had too much success. This duty extended to lodging and medical treatment of pilgrims to the temple at Jerusalem. One cannot overestimate the importance of medicinal plants in the Middle Ages.
In the Middle Ages it was recognised that it was dangerous to draw blood from the elderly or the very sick, and that excessive bleeding, through injury or another cause, needed to be staunched. The most important figure of the formal learning of surgery was Guy de Chauliac.
The Arabs were the great translators and synthesizers of medical texts. Not only did they reorganize existing texts, but they also added or eliminated information. Beyond routine nursing this also shows that medical remedies from plants, either grown or gathered, had a significant impact of the future of medicine.
Women often died in childbirth or succumbed to postpartum infections. Some individual recipes are transcribed with modern English translations.
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