An introduction to the history of roman organization arms and equipment

types of roman soldiers

This was an important skill, and if done incorrectly it would cause significant discomfort when worn under armor. Both of these swords would have been carried on the right side of the body. The army was a direct continuation of the forces of the Nicaean army, which itself was a fractured component of the formidable Komnenian army.

Life of a roman soldier

The multiple maniples were often spaced a distance equal to their own width away from the next maniple, in a staggered chess board like formation, which has been termed quincunx. This was a double sided tool with an ax on one side and a pickaxe on the other side. They were commanded by two Praetorian Prefects of equestrian rank; these men were very powerful. Other tools such as knives with sharp hooks were carried to cut branches for firewood. Javelin Pilum During the era of the maniple BCE to BCE , the front line of the Roman infantry, the hastati carried several pila which they would launch into the enemy before engaging in hand to hand combat. Made from iron, each of the plates would be attached to a leather undergarment. There were catapults and ballistae both variations of stone throwers ; the smaller Scorpiones, similar in shape if not design to ballistae which was an artillery piece, firing bolts; further to this the Romans would employ battering rams and siege towers. Recreation of a Roman soldier wearing plate armour lorica segmentata , National Military Museum, Romania. Upon receiving intelligence of this disaster, he gave orders for keeping a strict watch over the city , to prevent any public disturbance, and prolonged the appointments of the prefects in the provinces, that the allies might be kept in order by experience of persons to whom they were used.

The Romans granted peace, but only at a high price for Carthage. The Praetorians were primarily recruited from Italyand it seems likely that they were never conscripted due to the many benefits that they had over regular legionaries.

The Empire came to rely upon troops provided by Serbs, Bulgarians, Venetians, Latins, Genoans and Ottoman Turks to fight the civil wars that lasted for the greater part of the 14th century, with the latter foe being the most successful in establishing a foothold in Thrace.

evolution of roman armor

Weapons The Roman soldiers used a variety of weapons including a pugio daggergladius sword, see picture to the righthasta spearjavelin, and bows and arrows. Spear The Roman spear was a wooden shaft either ash or hazel attached to an iron head. Alongside troops raised and paid for directly by the state the Komnenian army included the armed followers of members of the wider imperial family and its extensive connections.

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Roman Weapons, Armour and Clothing: The Epic Guide.