We also offer a quick review of Caribbean geography and the major territorial claims as of Spanish, English, French, Dutch bi-colored names reflect shared islands, whether officially acknowledged by both sides or not.
The Catholic Church launched a Counter-Reformation to win back lost souls. We recommend viewing the two online zoomable maps before you read, one English, one Spanish be sure to study the map cartouches.This was important for the West Indies later because it was here that the Dutch gained their expertise in sugar planting and manufacture which they passed on to the English and French when they founded their colonies in the Eastern Caribbean. The expedition landed at the mouth of the Cayenne River in Moreover, by that time the Indian population of the Caribbean had dwindled considerably, creating a scarcity of workers for the mines and pearl fisheries. They also brought in goods other than slaves which was not permitted. He was a successful governor for 48 years until his death in They supplied slaves from West Africa under licence and, as the Spanish settlers always wanted more than the licence permitted, the Portuguese smuggled in extra slaves. Before departing they plundered and destroyed the city, taking a huge bounty. In fact, they believed that the Pope should not be involved in secular affairs such as this. English piracy increased during the reign of Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland — and became more aggressive as Anglo-Spanish relations tensed up further during the Thirty Years' War. He sold all the slaves and filled his ships mainly with precious metals for the return. Lucia in , but it was destroyed within four years by the Caribs. Despite the theoretical hierarchy and clear divisions of authority, in practice each agency reported directly to the monarch.
In its religious and military motivation, it continued the reconquista reconquestwhich had expelled the Moors from Grenada and the rest of southern Spain.
However, in the eastern Caribbean, the Caribs resisted the penetration of Europeans until well into the seventeenth century and succumbed only in the eighteenth century. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers.
England and France thought that is they kept to the north of Spanish lands they could not be doing anything wrong. The settlers were short of slaves and manufactured goods, both of which the English could supply, but the Spanish authorities regarded them as interlopers and no lasting trade could be established.
Amongst the earliest were St.