The threatening essay had little effect on the participants in the exam control condition. Recent work engages health lifestyles, agency, and multilevel life course dynamics.
We may aggress against others because it allows us to gain access to valuable resources such as food and desirable mates or to protect ourselves from direct attack by others. Socioeconomic inequality in health-related behaviors: a lifestyle approach.
For example, Kalousova and Burgard examined subjective and objective recessionary hardships, finding that they predicted problematic substance use in distinct ways [ 31 ].
In fact, anything that leads to discomfort or negative emotions can increase aggression. References and Recommended Reading 1.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29 1—